Mulberries are the sweet fruits of genus Morus L. and family Moraceae. It is a deciduous tree which is grown in various temperate areas of the world. From long time, Black mulberry has been cultivated for its edible fruit and is naturalized West across much of Europe including Ukraine and east into China. It is believed to be originated in mountainous areas of Persia and Mesopotamia and has widely spread in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Iran, Turkey and Syria. In 17th century, Black mulberry was imported to Britain with the hope that it is effective in silkworm’s cultivation. It was not successful as silkworms prefer white mulberry.
Mulberries are highly appreciated for its sweet fruit with unique flavor and abundant composition of nutrients. The scientific name of Mulberries differs to which species are looking for. Morus australis and Morus nigra are the most common types of Mulberries. The berries grow fast while they are young but slowly change its color from white or green to red or pink and settles on black or dark purple.
Poor blood circulation and anemia could be treated by the mulberry juice. The mulberry juice if mixed with Chinese medicine helps to enhance blood circulation and prevents from anemia. It can soothe the nerves when it is mixed with ligustrum and Chinese schizandra. The report of American Journal of Clinical Nutrition states that the chances of blood clots and strokes could be reduced and blood pressure could be lowered if one consumes five ounces of mix berries a day. According to the Epidemiological study, the chances of arthritis and atherosclerosis could be reduced by cyanidin 3-glucoside present in mulberry. It also helps to reduce inflammation.
Planting Mulberry Cuttings
Prep the Cuttings
Remove blooms, buds and leaves from the bottom half of the cut stems. Dip the bottom 1 inch of the cut stems in powdered or liquid rooting hormone.
Plant the Cuttings
Create planting holes with a small stick or the dull end of a pencil. Several stems can safely be planted in the same container as long as the leaves don't touch. Plant the mulberry stems in the holes at a depth of about one-third of the length of the cuttings. Pat the soil firmly around the stems so they stand upright.
Cover the Container
Cover the container with clear plastic. If the containers are small enough, cover them with a plastic bag. If necessary, place small sticks or dowels in the soil to prevent the plastic from touching the leaves.
Situate the Container
Place the container in bright, indirect sunlight. Avoid direct sunlight, which may scorch the cuttings.
Mist the Soil
Check the potting mixture daily. If the mixture begins to feel dry to the touch, mist inside the bag lightly with a spray bottle. If heavy drops of moisture build up on the inside of the plastic, poke a few holes in it to provide ventilation or open the top of the bag for a few hours every day.
How to Care for a Mulberry Tree
There really isn’t too much to worry about with this hardy specimen. The trees are fairly drought tolerant but will benefit from some irrigation during the dry season.
Mulberries do well without additional fertilization, but a 10-10-10 application, once per year will keep them healthy. Mulberries are even primarily free from most pests and disease. Pruning Mulberry Trees Prune young trees into a tidy form by developing a set of main branches. Prune lateral branches to 6 leaves in July to facilitate the growth of spurs near the main limbs.
Do not prune heavily since mulberries are prone to bleeding at the cuts. Avoid cuts of more than 2 inches (5 cm.), which will not heal. If you prune when the tree is in its dormancy, bleeding is less severe. Thereafter, only judicious pruning of mulberry trees is necessary, really only to remove dead or overcrowded branches.
Harvest Mulberry trees attain a height of between 20-30 feet (6-9 m.). They make lovely, fast-growing landscape trees with the added 1
1 rooted cutting per order
no fruits or flower yet this is just a rooted cutting
bonus of producing delicious berries and leaves suitable for steeping as tea. The berries are really the stand out though. They look much like elongated blackberries and are sinfully sweet